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CHI-WEB  July 2001, Week 2

CHI-WEB July 2001, Week 2

Subject:

Rapid prototyping: summary (LONG)

From:

Sigrid Vandenweghe <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Sigrid Vandenweghe <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 11 Jul 2001 15:24:41 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

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text/plain (345 lines)

Hi,

It's been a while since I posted this query:

Does anyone have good suggestions on tools that our information
architects can use to make rapid prototypes (so called 'screen structure
diagrams'), which can be used to show on paper AND on screen (with
minimal interaction, such as linking pages). Until now, we made our mock
ups directly in HTML, which is too time consuming, especially with many
iterations. I've heard from people who use PowerPoint or Visio. Do these
tools allow you to do that? Any other ideas or suggestions or
suprisingly handy tools?

There were many, many replies. Thank you all!
People seem to use all kinds of tools. Here's a summary of the replies I
got:

A lot of people suggested 'Denim'. See
http://guir.cs.berkeley.edu/projects/denim/

----

We use pdfs; you can do mock-ups in Illustrator and then link up the 
pdfs using Acrobat.

----

Net Objects Fusion is a really great WYSIWYG. It doesn't really let you
touch the code much, but you can if you really need to.  It also give
you a "master border", so making a global change is easy.  You can have
several "master borders" so showing secondary navigation is also easy.
The only drawback is that printing is kind of a pain, because you have
to print as you would a web site, page by page.  But, if you export the
site to Adobe Acrobat, that gives you a file that's easy to print.
----

We use power point, which is not perfect but it does a fine job for 
rapid prototyping. We also work with Dreamweaver, it's fine too, you can

create html pages fairly easy.
----

Try Dreamweaver, there is a plugin that you can
down load from the Macromedia Development tools
section
----

Although it doesn't give you all of the options you may desire, I've
been using FrontPage pretty successfully. You might get frustrated with
the amount of "overhead" HTML FrontPage adds and its lack of
flexibility, but it's pretty easy to build basic form elements like
TextBoxes, buttons, drop-downs, etc.
----
Personally I have tried various methods and I find the following helps:

Stage 1 - Use Visio
This ensures that you don't worry about implementation. Just getting
your ideas down on page, formalising the inputs and outputs and
structuring the page and site layout.

With visio, you can drag and drop objects, interconnect them and add
text. Very quick, very simple. This is essential for this stage which is
quick to change.

Stage 2 - Use a graphics program
Again, removing obstacles associated with implementation. I would move
onto simple graphic mockups in Paint Shop Pro to try and formalise the
basic layout of the pages and put some ideas of colour schemes and such
forth down.

Stage 3 - Implementation
Try and recreate your page in HTML or Flash or whatever medium you are
wishing to implement on.

With less complex sites, or single pages I jump straight to stage 2. I
never go to stage 3 cos you end up worryng and spending too much time
trying to get that table layout right when you havent really decided
what would go in it.
----
We use Power Point to describe the content and structure of the pages.
The tool is easily mastered by IS analyst or marketing team. It's also
used to
do a first draft of the tree structure of the web site. On advantage is
the ease
to make up a screen presentation from this work.

For design mock up, the design team uses design tools (Photoshop,
firework, ...).
HTML, is used only for the final prototype, once design and "type" of
pages
Are defined. At this stage, we can do usability testing.

----
Visio allows you to apply a link or URL to any object on the page. Then
when
all pages in a doc are complete you can "print" or save to HTML. The
program
then makes all the wireframes or boxes on the page an GIF image maps
linked
up how you indicated. You can link pages to other pages in the same file
or
to outside URLs.

It works well for rapid prototyping at wireframes stage and allows for
some
degree of interaction.
----
I've been using Powerpoint for the above for some time now, and I think
it
works extremely well. So much so, that I've been working on some
documents
describing its use and showing examples. These are very rough
works-in-progress at the moment, but I'd be happy to send them on if
you're
interested.

In a nutshell, Powerpoint's advantages are
- Ubiquity of Powerpoint software in Windows-based enterprises, 
  which facilitates collaboration
- Extremely familiar (Office) interface, flat learning curve
- Good word processing environment, including advanced word 
  processing functionality
- Drawing tools are very basic: de-emphasises aesthetics
- Prints well
- Can be turned into functional prototype

The rapid prototyping method I've used involves saving the PowerPoint
slides
as PNG images, putting those in web pages and hyperlinking them using
imagemaps in Dreamweaver.
----

Check out MetaCard http://www.metacard.com or Revolution
http://www.runrev.com. They're related tools, both of which allow rapid
prototyping on Mac, PC, Linux, and other Unixen. They're free for this
purpose -- there's a limit on the amount of code you can create in them
for free, but no limit on the interface you can create or your ability
to create a standalone application. They would allow you to mock up a
full interface with sliders, text areas, buttons, graphics, sounds, etc.

---
For *paper* prototyping only, I often use an A3 paper version of
a browser window, and labels for buttons text boxes and so on. 

In workshops, some people love them; others ignore them.

The files I use are all free at:

http://www.infodesign.com.au/usability/paperprototypinggraphics.html

----

Visio is a great tool. It's quick to set up pages - a lot quicker than
in
HTML. You can print it out and you can even build up the whole
interaction
and export the prototype to VML or HTML so that you can view it in a
browser
and use it for testning and showing to customers. It's a bit buggy (very
actually) but for the features it offers you learn to live with it
(apropos
the thread "whose usability? (norman)"). And there's a new version on
it's
way from MS.

You can see an example of my use of Visio at:
http://oplaeg.albatros.dk/interaction_design/

----

Powerpoint is great for  'wireframes' (prototyping and navigation, UI
testing) - solid program, easy to use, most folks know how to use it,
everyone has it on their desktops (via Office).  I'm currently using it
as
the lead info. architect and usability specialist for a strategic
marketing
and Web development team  revising the upper level structure and content
for a technology firm's (5,000+ employees, Massachusetts, US) main site.
----

I believe that Visio is the best application tool for rapid prototyping,
it also contains web specific diagrams and interactivity, PowerPoint
takes too long and capturing data can become tedious and prone to
crashing. I tend to use Visio for various types of schematic 2D
diagramming in all cases for information & interface architecture. Visio
is not at all intimidating and your learning curve is much shorter than
any other software application on the market. I introduced Visio as part
as the growing usability & interface tool whilst consulting at an
independent web company in London last year, it proved to be very
successful in the discovery & development stage of the projects I worked
on.

---

I have used Dreamweaver for prototyping, html creation is very fast and
the program is very easy to learn. The code is pretty clean as well,
which gives a good head start for when production begins. You can also
create universal elements (such as navigation) as library items -
changing a library item once changes every instance it appears on a
page. Page templates can also be created and then locked down when
multiple people are working on the files.

---

I do wireframes in Illustrator, then save each page as a .PDF, and
create
one Acrobat (.PDF) document from all the pages, assemble them in order,
and
activate all the links.  It's a functional prototype that - while it's
not
extremely fast - is certainly faster and more accurate than redoing
paper
wireframes into HTML documents.  And of course, you can print .PDFs
reliably
for use as paper prototypes.

Acrobat is my new favorite IA tool, as a matter of fact.

---

I'm always evangelizing the joys of SmartDraw and the latest version has

even more tools that make prototyping faster. They have several optional

add-ons including a variety of UI widgets. For $199 you can get all of 
their libraries and the software. They are very responsive to user
feedback 
so if you call them and tell them you'd like some feature, there is a 
chance you will see it in a subsequent release. It's easy to use, easy
to 
learn, and one of the tools I can't live without.

www.smartdraw.com

---

Pencil and paper.

Print a blank 800 X 600 browser page and then draw the wireframes in
that. Use shading to represent graphics.

---

We are using photoshop for the initial mockups, and only tranlate them
into HTML after the iterative process.

The other option is using Demoshield (by Installshield), but it is more
complicated.

---

I guess using Visio + DreamWeaver together would be great. VIsion shows
the
first user flows and Information Architecture, and with DreamWeaver we
could
build it quickly and test if the interaction model is fine.

---

I personally use Paint Shop Pro to literally draw the interface, then
place
the image in Powerpoint and build clickable objects on top to fake the
interaction. One trick is to paste the image of the main window screen
on
the Master slide then draw object or other UI widgets on top.

---


We've used PowerPoint fairly effectively - it is fast, easy to
manipulate
for a quick "wireframe" UI, and easily shown to others, or used in quick
usability testing. The main downside is that the layout will not exactly
match the HTML - you can cram more stuff in a PPT screen than a typical
HTML
page will show at 800x600.

---  
 
We've had excellent success with PDFs, what we call a "medium-fidelity" 
prototype. In Adobe Acrobat 4 and newer, it's quite easy to create
hotspots 
and hyperlinks -- and, something you can't do easily in PowerPoint or 
Visio, it's simple to add functional dropdown lists and text entry
boxes. As an added bonus, you can click "Save" at the end of a usability
test
and your participant's selections and text entries are saved too.
We create early designs in Photoshop and Illustrator, export screens to 
PDF, assemble a single PDF file, then build links and such. It takes
about a day to assemble a complete "pseudo-functional" prototype of
around 60
pages.

---

e use Visio, with a bunch of self made stencils. Yesterday I did
sitemaps 
and mockups for a simple site in 20 minutes - it works quite well.
Haven't 
figured out yet how to do the linking with VISIO though. Have a look at 
http://poorbuthappy.com/cms/cmslayouts.htm for a very simple example.
(this 
one took me half an hour) The export to HMTL is quite handy as well.

---

I have used Adobe Acrobat to create effective dynamic prototypes.
simply beacuse they are easy to construct from different types of
visual/spreadsheet software and they allow lots of flexibility even
after
the links are in place.
Of course, the basic mock up screens, wireframes, flows have to be
created
elsewhere.

---

I've been using MetaCard, a wonderfully fast 4GL for all major platforms
(see <http://www.metacard.com>).   It's a very flexible system, useful
for
prototyping and even complete development
---

I frequently use Powerpoint for rapid mockups. In the 2000 version,
under Slide Show, Action Settings, you'll find options to create
hyperlinks to other slides, insert sound effects etc. both for mouse
clicks and mouse overs. When you're in the concept stage, you can create
sketchy outlines, but you can also draw or paste in fancy screen designs
if your project calls for it.

Visio allows you to create realistic looking Windows interface designs,
but it's not so useful for web design. Also, because it allows such
realistic designs, I tend to spend too much time making it look right.



-end-

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