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Sender: "ACM SIGCHI General Interest Announcements (Mailing List)" <[log in to unmask]>
From: Lisa Neal <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Sun, 29 Feb 2004 16:55:47 -0500
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Reply-To: Lisa Neal <[log in to unmask]>
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The Cognitive Science Society is hosting a 2003-2004 virtual colloquium
series presented live via the Internet with the third 1-hour talk given by
Dedre Gentner. Register now to attend for free.

Time: Friday March 5, 2004 at 1:00pm US Eastern Standard Time
Presenter: Dedre Gentner, Northwestern University

Topic:  Analogical Learning 
Analogy is a general learning process by which abstract knowledge can arise
from experience. Comparison invites a structure-mapping process that fosters
learning and conceptual change in at least four ways: they highlight common
relational systems; they promote inferences; they call attention to
potentially important differences between situations; and they lead to
re-representations that maximize common structure.

Most prior work focuses on analogy as a means of importing knowledge from a
well-understood case to a less familiar one. This kind of mechanism cannot
explain the origins of human learning without postulating a fund of initial
knowledge. I focus here on another form of analogical learning -- analogical
encoding -- in which comparison between two partly understood situations
results in better understanding of both. Thus structure-mapping acts as a
bootstrapping process for learning.

The power of analogy is amplified by language learning. Hearing a common
label invites comparison between the referents, and this structure-mapping
process yields insight into the meaning of the term. The mutual facilitation
of analogical processing and language learning is a major reason that humans
are so smart.

Further information about this talk, the colloquium series, a schedule of
future talks, and an archive of previous talks are available at
http://www.cognitivesciencesociety.org/colloquium

Contact Janet Morrow, [log in to unmask], with any questions about registration
for this seminar.

Please forward this invitation to colleagues who would benefit from this
seminar or the series.

Sincerely,
Tom Ward, Executive Officer, Cognitive Science Society
[log in to unmask]

Thomas B. Ward
Center for Creative Media
Box 870172
University of Alabama
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0172
http://bama.ua.edu/~tward


The seminar series is hosted Aptima's Web Conferencing Facility,
http://www.ctaresource.com/conferencing_facility.php.
The seminar series is sponsored by the Office of Naval Research,
http://www.onr.navy.mil/

Lisa Neal, Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief, eLearn Magazine, www.eLearnMag.org
3 Valley Road, Lexington, MA 02421 USA
Phone: +1-781-861-7373
mailto:[log in to unmask]

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