I have been working on a class assignment in object-oriented programming
and have encountered a couple of curiosities. The last time I did
user-defined OO I was using Borland Pascal Seven and Ada seems to
provide a less intuitive environment. I think I am the last surviving
Ada programmer in the Perth education system and, with a dearth of texts
which deal with Ada OO, I am having real problems.
1. When I create a derived class, the methods of that class have no
direct assess to the attributes of the base class. Therefore, to be
able to initialise an instance of the derived class I have to provide
the functionality in the base class to access those attributes, which
has the effect of making them public. I am certain that students will
ask why we go to the trouble of making the tagged record private if we
are then to go to the trouble of making the data public. Can someone
provide me with an explanation?
2. Given the declaration:
type Active_Area_Type is tagged limited private;
type Active_Area_Access_Type is
access all Active_Area_Type'Class;
if I then create an instance of the object by:
Area : Active_Area_Access := new Active_Area_Type;
and at the end of the program run I want to deallocate the object using:
procedure Free_Active_Area is
(Object => Active_Area_Type,
Name => Active_Area_Access_Type);
I get an error message from the compiler (Gnat 3.13p) saying:
'designated type of actual does not match that of formal "Name"'.
How can I deallocate objects? I don't like having to leave the dirty
work up to the garbage collector.
Hoping someone will take the time to help here.
School of Computing and Information Science
Edith Cowan University
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Perth, Western Australia
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It gives you the exam
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