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On Mon, 2004-06-14 at 08:12, Joyce L. Tokar wrote:
> Mmmmm....Ada has a very long history that goes back much further than 2003. Ada 83 was standardized as an ANSI
> standard in 1983. It then became an ISO standard in 1987. In 1990, the revision and up-dating of the ISO Ada
> standard was started. In 1995, the new standard was approved as an ISO/ANSI standard. Work continues on
> improving and updating the technical content of the Ada programming language. A Technical Corrigendum to Ada 95
> was published in October 2001. Presently, more work is being done to produce an Addendum to Ada 95 expected in
> Drop me an email if you would like a bit more about the use of Ada today.
> And for the rest of the story ...
> History of the Ada Programming Language
> Time line
> In a cost study done in 1973-1974 it was determined that the US Department of Defense was spending $3 billion
> annually on software, over half on embedded computer systems.
> The Higher Order Language Working Group (HOLWG) was formed in January 1975 with William Whitaker as chair.
> In April 1975 the initial language requirements were compiled in a document known as Strawman.
> Based on the response, revised requirements, Woodenman, August 1975, and Tinman, January 1976 were created.
> The HOLWG evaluated 23 existing languages against the Tinman requirements:
> FORTRAN, COBOL, PL/I, HAL/S, TACPOL, CMS-2, CS-4, SPL/I, JOVIAL J3, JOVIAL J73, ALGOL 60, ALGOL 68,
> CORAL 66, Pascal, SUMULA 67, LIS, LTR, TRL/2, EUCLID, PDL2, PEARL, MORAL, EL/I
> concluding in January 1977 that none were suitable, though Pascal, ALGOL 68 or PL/I would be a good starting point.
> The ideal language specification, Ironman, appeared in January 1977.
> Request for proposals were issued April 1977; 17 proposals received. Four contractors were picked to produce
> Cii Honeywell Bull led by Jean Ichbiah (green)
> Intermetrics led by Benjamin M. Brosgol (red)
> SofTech led by John Goodenough (blue)
> SRI International led by Jay Spitzen (yellow)
> The revised Ironman requirements were published in SIGPLAN, December 1977.
> The Red and Green languages were chosen finalists in April 1978 after an extensive, public review.
> The final language requirements, Steelman, appeared in June 1978.
> Cii Honeywell Bull (green) chosen the winner in May 1979.
> The Ada design team was led by Jean D. Ichbiah and has included Berned Krieg-Bruechner, Brain A. Wichmann, Henry
> F. Ledgard, Jean-Cluade Heliard, Jean-Loup Gailly, Jean-Ryanmond Abrial, John G. P. Barnes, Mike Woodger, Olivier
> Roubine, Paul N. Hilfinger, and Robert Firth.
> This language definition was devloped by Cii Honeywell Bull and later Alsys, and by Honeywell Systems and Research
> Center, under contract to the United States Department of Defense.
> The language, known only as DoD-1 up to that point, was given the name Ada in May 1979.
> Reference manual, Military Standard 1815, first published July 1980, approved 10 December 1980. [August Ada Bryon
> was born 10 December 1815.]
> HOLWG dissolved and replaced by Ada Joint Program Office (AJPO) charted 12 December 1980
> Proposed as an ANSI standard and submitted for public review between April and October 1981. The reference manual
> was revised as a result of the ANSI review.
> Reference manual, Military Standard 1815A, January 1983, and ANSI standard February 1983. (ISO standard 8652 in
> The Ada/Ed implementation of the language was validated in April 1983.
> AJPO established the Ada 9X Project in July 1988 to revise the Ada programming language.
> The revision requirements document produced by the "requirements team," December 1990
> Intermetrics, Inc. was the prime contractor for the "mapping/revision team" for the new Ada 9X standard. S. Tucker Taft
> served as Technical Director.
> Ada95, a joint ISO and ANSI standard, accepted in February 1995.
> Technical Corrigendum to Ada 95 published in October 2001.
> Addendum to Ada 95 expected in 2005.
> Joyce L Tokar
> Pyrrhus Software
> PO Box 1352
> Phoenix, AZ 85001-1352
> On Thu, 10 Jun 2004 14:39:57 -0400, John Gilchrist wrote:
> >Dear ACM,
> >I've visited several Ada FAQ web sites, but so far have not seen an answer
> >to my question below:
> >Years ago I took a course at the Defense Systems Management College, which
> >included a presentation on Ada. I vaguely recall a slide that indicated
> >something like:
> >"In 1995? when Ada was initiated DoD was the customer for 60%? of the
> >software [Information Technology] market at that time." [ACM - please
> >This is in stark contrast to a statement I heard ~2002 that "DoD, while
> >Microsoft's largest single customer, represented less than 1% of Microsoft's
> >sales." [I can verify this through the DoD CIO's office.]
> >John Gilchrist
> >Member ACM
> >Annandale, Virginia
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